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Table 1 Overview of the genetic parameters at each sampling locality

From: Genetic structure of fragmented southern populations of African Cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer caffer)

Country Sampling locality Fig 1 ID Area (km2) N TOT N N a P a A r H O (SD) H E (SD) F is N cluster affiliation% C cluster affiliation% S cluster affiliation%
South Africa Kruger 1 19,485 40 920 [32] 26 99 0 1.636 0.659 (0.204) 0.671 (0.203) 0.012 0 96.2 3.8
South Africa Hluhluwe-iMfolozi 2 960 4 000 [21] 20 53 2 1.545 0.536 (0.250) 0.533 (0.226) 0.001 0 0 100
Mozambique Niassa 3 42,300 6 200 [33] 20 100 2 1.650 0.663 (0.180) 0.680 (0.226) –0.012 95 5 0
Mozambique Limpopo 4 11,230 200 [34] 6 57 0 1.653 0.617 (0.246) 0.653 (0.239) 0.069 0 100 0
Mozambique Manguana 5 - - 4 51 0 1.634 0.649 (0.282) 0.634 (0.234) –0.021 25 75 0
Mozambique Gorongosa 6 4000 360 (C. Pereira, Pers. Comm. - 2010) 7 61 0 1.671 0.626 (0.291) 0.671 (0.207) 0.091 0 100 0
Mozambique Marromeu 7 11,270 > 10 300 [35] 21 76 0 1.639 0.668 (0.228) 0.639 (0.225) –0.062 95.2 4.8 0
Zimbabwe Nyakasanga 8 1000 Unknown 2 36 1 1.806 0.542 (0.401) 0.597 (0.395) 0.063 100 0 0
Zimbabwe Malilangwe 9 405 Unknown 20 97 2 1.659 0.636 (0.225) 0.659 (0.244) 0.008 35 55 10
Zimbabwe Crooks corner 10 - Part of transfrontalier PA - 13 81 1 1.634 0.581 (0.205) 0.634 (0.236) 0.058 0 100 0
Zimbabwe Mana pools 11 6766 Unknown 10 90 1 1.700 0.641 (0.318) 0.700 (0.285) 0.120 60 40 0
Zimbabwe Gonarezhou 12 7110 2 742 [36] 42 102 1 1.636 0.601 (0.256) 0.636 (0.255) 0.029 11.9 81 7.1
Zimbabwe Hwange 13 14,651 Hwange and adjacent area: 24 500 [37] 6 63 0 1.598 0.557 (0.295) 0.628 (0.298) 0.052 33.3 66.7 0
Zimbabwe Victoria falls 15 23 15 96 1 1.663 0.629 (0.307) 0.663 (0.261) 0.008 66.7 26.7 6.6
Zimbabwe Sengwe 14 - transnational corridor between Kruger and Gonarezhou - 8 73 0 1.646 0.571 (0.253) 0.646 (0.279) 0.076 0 75 25
Botswana Chobe 16 11,700 Northern Botswana: 39 580 [38] 22 95 1 1.641 0.612 (0.250) 0.637 (0.262) 0.067 77.3 22.7 0
Botswana Okavango delta 17 16,000 20 92 0 1.633 0.616 (0.254) 0.628 (0.257) –0.003 90 5 5
Angola Angola 18 No precise locality - 1 22 3 1.583 0.571 (0.514) 0.571 (0.514) - - - -
Zambia Zambia 19 No precise locality - 1 24 0 1.667 0.714 (0.469) 0.714 (0.469) - - - -
  1. This summarises the sample origin (country and sampling locality), size of the sampling locality in square kilometres, estimated number of buffaloes by aerial counts (N TOT ), sample size per sampling locality involved in the present study (N) and mean values for number of alleles (N a ), private alleles (P a ), allelic richness (A r ), observed (H O ) and unbiased expected heterozygosity (H E ) (and their standard deviations SD) and inbreeding coefficient (F is ) across autosomal microsatellite loci. The affiliation of each sampling locality to each cluster, expressed in percentage, is also given in the last three columns (C; Central cluster, N; Northern cluster, S; Southern cluster).