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Table 1 Absolute rate of diversification for major ovenbird-woodcreeper clades.

From: Convergent evolution, habitat shifts and variable diversification rates in the ovenbird-woodcreeper family (Furnariidae)

Clade   Number of species Age Diversification rates (ϵ = 0) Diversification rates (ϵ = 0.5) Diversification rates (ϵ = 0.90) Nest type Habitat
A (Synallaxinae) 124 19.2 0.22 0.20 0.13 EV X, (F)
   Cranioleuca/Metopothrix 27 10,6 0.24 0.22 0.12 EV X, F
   Spartonioca/Asthenes cactorum 7 13,6 0.09 0.08 0.03 EV X(F)
   Synallaxis/Certhiaxis 38 13,4 0.22 0.20 0.11 EV X
   Asthenes ottonis/A dorbignyi 29 10,8 0.25 0.22 0.12 EV X
   Anumbius/Hellmayrea 3 16.0 0.03 0.02 0.01 EV X(F)
   Phacellodomus 7 7 0.18 0.15 0.06 EV X, F
   Sylviorthorhynchus/Aphrastura 13 17,8 0.11 0.09 0.04 EV X, F
B ( Upucerthia - Phleocryptes ) 21 15 0.16 0.14 0.07 C, (EV) X
C ( Furnarius ) 6 8.3 0.13 0.11 0.04 MN, (C) X
D ( Tarphonomus - Berlepschia ) 7 21.8 0.06 0.05 0.02 C, (EV) X, F
E ( Margarornis - Premoplex ) 6 18.9 0.06 0.05 0.02 EV F
F (Core Philydorinae) 42 16.3 0.19 0.17 0.10 C F
G ( Ochetorhynchus - X. milleri ) 6 20.4 0.05 0.05 0.02 C, EV X, F
H (Dendrocolaptinae - Xenops ) 55 27.7 0.12 0.11 0.07 C F
I ( Geositta ) 11 14.4 0.12 0.10 0.04 C X
J ( Sclerurus ) 6 14.2 0.08 0.07 0.02 C F
Ovenbird-woodcreeper clade 288 32.7 0.15 0.13 0.09   
  1. The absolute rate of diversification have been estimated for clades A - J in absence of extinction (ϵ = 0), intermediate (ϵ = 0.5) and comparatively high (ϵ = 0.90) relative extinction rate. Principle nesting types and habitat preference are indicated by symbols. Nest type symbols; EV = exposed vegetative, C = cavity, and MN = mud nest. Habitat symbols; X = xeric (open and bushy habitats), and F = forest. Symbols placed between parenthesis indicate that occasional member within the clade build this type of nest or occupy this type of habitat. Diversification rates for larger sub-clades nested within the synallaxines (clade A) are given in lower case and normal font.