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Table 1 One-way MANOVA results. The test statistics used in each case are listed.

From: Form and function of damselfish skulls: rapid and repeated evolution into a limited number of trophic niches

Analyses of all data
Test statistic: Wilk's Lambda: Lambda = 0.2011 chisq = 40.0954
  df = 6 p < 0.0001
Test statistic: Goodall's F: F = 6.2098 df (num.) = 68
  df (denom.) = 884 p < 0.01
Pairwise comparisons of trophic groups (Goodall's F)
Omnivores vs. herbivores:: F = 1.21 df (num.) = 34
  df (denom.) = 578 p = 0.19776
Planktivores vs. omnivores F = 9.03 df (num.) = 34
  df (denom.) = 714 p < 0.01
Planktivores vs. herbivores: F = 7.75 df (num.) = 34
  df (denom.) = 476 p < 0.01
Planktivores vs. (omnivores + herbivores) F = 11.65 df (num.) = 34
  df (denom.) = 918 p < 0.01