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Table 3 Divergence time estimates of focal ray-finned fish nodes

From: Did genome duplication drive the origin of teleosts? A comparative study of diversification in ray-finned fishes

Name of the split Mean Age this study 95% age this study Other study ages
Condrichthyes vs. Osteichthyes 440   
MRCA of Neoselachii 178 165 to 200  
MRCA of Osteichthyes 423 418 to 435 415 to 524 [10]
MRCA of Sarcopterygii 409 407 to 415  
MRCA of Actinopterygii 299 284 to 337 397 to 478 mit [7];
374 to 448 [9]
MRCA of Actinopteri 271 244 to 302 348 to 391 nuc
[7]; 346 to 391
mit [7]; 337 to
413 [9]
MRCA of Neopterygii 230 225 to 243 295 to 372 nuc[7];
327 to 378 mit [7];
340 to 442 [10]
MRCA of Teleostei 193 173 to 214 268 to 326 mit [7];
295 to 372 [9]
MRCA of Osteoglossomorpha 135 130 to 148 221 to 283 mit [7];
MRCA of Elopomorpha 140 135 to 158 210 to 272 mit [7];
MRCA of Ostarioclupeomorpha 151 149 to 153 192 to 255 mit [7];
242 to 332 [10];
204 to 275 [9]
MRCA of Clupeomorpha 108 84 to 133  
MRCA of Ostariophysi 128 125 to 134  
MRCA of Cypriniformes 92 56 to 123  
MRCA of Characiformes 80 68 to 84  
MRCA of Siluriformes 88 77 to 98  
MRCA of Euteleostei 164 147 to 180 182 to 244 mit [7];
240 to 326 [10];
197 to 267 [9]
MRCA of Salmoniformes 54 49 to 66  
MRCA of Esociformes 91 85 to 103  
MRCA of Galaxiiformes 74 70 to 87  
MRCA of Acanthomorpha 136 122 to 151 125 to 186 mit [7];
191 to 264 [10];
130 to 191 [9]
MRCA of Zeiformes 76 72 to 84  
MRCA of Lampridiformes 7 70 to 84  
MRCA of Beryciformes 105 99 to 114  
MRCA of Percomorpha 104 93 to 115  
MCRA of Caproidae 61 50 to 77  
MRCA of Cichlidae 57 46 to 73 72 to 108 [11]
African vs. American cichlids 49 37 to 66  
MRCA of Atherinomorpha 74 64 to 85  
MCRA of Pomacentridae 53 50 to 59  
MCRA of Moronidae 75 74 to 78  
MCRA of Labridae 53 50 to 60  
MCRA of Gobiidae 44 40 to 52  
MRCA of Tetraodontiformes 66 59 to 76 124 to 184 [10]
MRCA of Tetraodontidae 37 35.09, 41.06 55 to 86 [11]; 57
to 94 [10]
MRCA of Balistoidea 62 55.60, 71.78 95 to 146 [10]
MCRA of Pleuronectiformes 57 52 to 69  
  1. Ages are in millions of years.