Skip to main content

Table 2 The effects of sex, species and their interaction on wing shape, tested by a multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA)

From: Evolution of sexual dimorphism of wing shape in the Drosophila melanogaster subgroup

Effect Wilk's lambda F Df num Df den P
Species 0.351 4.36 208 6191.7 < .0001
Sex 0.952 1.54 26 805 0.0411
Csize 0.709 12.69 26 805 < .0001
Species × sex 0.639 1.79 208 6191.7 < .0001
Csize × species 0.379 4.01 208 6191.7 < .0001
Csize × sex 0.951 1.58 26 805 0.0331
Csize × species × sex 0.641 1.77 208 6191.7 < .0001
  1. Df num: degrees of freedom for the numerator; Df den: degrees of freedom for the denominator; Csize: centroid size