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Table 3 Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) of genetic variation in 921 bp of mtDNA of Curculio sikkimensis

From: Phylogeographical patterns of a generalist acorn weevil: insight into the biogeographical history of broadleaved deciduous and evergreen forests

Grouping criteria and source of variation df Sum of squares Variance components % of total variation Φ statistics with P-value
Geographic distribution I: [Kyushu, Chugoku to Shikoku] [Kinki to Kantou]
Among groups 1 91.7 1.56 52.8 ΦCT = 0.52
Among populations within groups 31 64.5 0.29 10.0 (P < 0.001)
Within populations 82 89.6 1.09 37.0  
Total 114 245.9 2.95   
Geographic distribution II: [Kyushu] [Chugoku to Shikoku] [Kinki to Kantou]
Among groups 2 103.1 1.32 50.3 ΦCT = 0.50
Among populations within groups 30 53.2 0.21 8.1 (P < 0.001)
Within populations 82 89.6 1.09 41.5  
Total 114 245.9 2.62   
Host plants: [Deciduous] [Evergreen]
Among groups 1 4.0 -0.07 -3.3 ΦCT = -0.03
Among populations within groups 38 157.6 1.09 51.0 (P > 0.10)
Within populations 75 84.2 1.12 52.3  
Total 114 245.9 2.14   
Host plants: [Deciduous Quercus ] [Evergreen Quercus ] [ Castanopsis ] [ Lithocarpus ]
Among groups 3 25.5 0.15 6.8 ΦCT = 0.06
Among populations within groups 36 136.0 0.97 43.2 (P > 0.10)
Within populations 75 84.2 1.12 49.8  
Total 114 245.9 2.25   
  1. Groupings of populations were examined based on their geographic distributions and host plants.