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Table 1 Wing-bar count and some ecological parameters for all species-level lineages of Elaenia sampled

From: Habitat shifts in the evolutionary history of a Neotropical flycatcher lineage from forest and open landscapes

Taxon Wing-bars Movements Appr. preferred breeding elevation [m] Preferred spectrum of breeding habitat
E. martinica 2 sedentary 0 – 1000 Scrub to forest
E. flavogaster 2 sedentary; some Mexican populations migrate 0 – 1500 Scrub/savannah to light woodland, also riparian growth
E. spectabilis 3 austral migrant 0 – 800 Forest border and thickets, riparian growth (heavier vegetation than E. flavogaster)
E. albiceps 2 austral migrant (E. a. chilensis) and sedentary 0 – 3300 Scrub to beech forest
E. parvirostris 3 austral migrant 0 – 1000 Forest border to open areas, riparian vegetation
E. mesoleuca 2 mostly sedentary, southern populations migratory 0 – 2000 Forest, gallery forest
E. strepera 2 austral migrant 500 – 2000 Forest border, streamside vegetation
E. gigas 2 sedentary 350 – 1500 Riparian growth, clearings
E. pelzelni 3 sedentary 0 – 200 Riparian growth along Amazon, river-island habitat
E. cristata 2 mostly sedentary, some populations migratory 0 – 1500 Savannah and cerrado
E. [chiriquensis] albivertex 2 mostly sedentary, some populations migratory 0 – 2000 Scrub, cerrado, open woodland, riverine vegetation
E. [chiriquensis] brachyptera 2 sedentary 700 – 2800 Forest border to lighter woodland
E. ruficeps 2 sedentary 0 – 1400 Cerrado, savanna, white-sand formations
E. frantzii 2 sedentary, some altitudinal and latitudinal migration 750 – 3600 Forest to borders
E. [f.] fallax 2 sedentary 500 – 2000 Forest to borders
E. [f.] cherriei 2 sedentary 500 – 2000 Forest to borders
E. [o.] obscura 2 sedentary 1700 – 3000 Forest to woodland
E. [o.] sordida 2 sedentary 0 – 2000 Forest to woodland
E. dayi 2 sedentary 1800 – 2600 Forest to stunted savanna
E. [p.] pallatangae 2 sedentary 1500 – 3000 Forest border to scrub
E. [p.] olivina 2 sedentary 900 – 2400 Forest border to scrub
  1. Data from references [15, 16]