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Table 1 Indian populations screened for Y-HG Q and its distribution.

From: A novel subgroup Q5 of human Y-chromosomal haplogroup Q in India

India Regions Social Category Linguistic Category No. of Samples No. of Samples in Haplogroup
North:       Q (xQ5) Q5
J&K Kashmiri Pandits Caste high Indo-European 51 * 3  
J&K kashmir Gujars Tribe   Indo-European 61 * 1Q1  
Dalits+ Caste low Indo-European 18 #   
Muslim Religious group Indo-European 19 #   
Rajput Caste high Indo-European 29 #   
Uttar Pradesh Brahmin Caste high Indo-European 14 # 1@  
Uttar Pradesh Brahmin Caste high Indo-European 31 * 1 1
Uttar Pradesh Mixed Tribe   Austro-Asiatic 9 *   
Punjab Brahmin Caste high Indo-European 28 *   
Himachal Brahmin Caste high Indo-European 19 *   
Himachal Rajputs Caste high Indo-European 35 * 1  
Central:        
Uttar Pradesh Kols Tribe   Indo-European/Austro-Asiatic 30 *   
Uttar Pradesh gonds Tribe   Indo-European/Dravidian 38 *   
Madhya Pradesh Brahmins Caste high Indo-European 42 * 1 1
Madhya Pradesh Gonds Tribe   Dravidian 17 * 1  
Madhya Pradesh Saharia Tribe   Indo-European 89 * 1 2
Halba Tribe   Indo-European 21 # 1@  
Kamar Tribe   Dravidian 30 #   
Muria Tribe   Dravidian 20 #   
East:        
Bihar Brahmins Caste high Indo-European 38 * 1 1
Paswan Caste low Indo-European 29 *   
Agharia Caste middle Indo-European 10 #   
Bagdi Caste low Indo-European 11 #   
Gaud Caste middle Indo-European 5 #   
Ho Tribe   Austro-Asiatic 30 #   
Lodha Tribe   Austro-Asiatic 20 #   
Mahishya Caste middle Indo-European 13 #   
Santal Tribe   Austro-Asiatic 14 #   
Tanti Caste low Indo-European 7 #   
West Bengal Brahmin Caste high Indo-European 18 #   
Northeast:        
Chakma Tribe   Tibeto-Burman 4 #   
Jamatia Tribe   Tibeto-Burman 30 #   
Mog Tribe   Tibeto-Burman 5 #   
Mizo Tribe   Tibeto-Burman 27 #   
Tripuri Tribe   Tibeto-Burman 21 #   
West:        
Maharashtra Brahmins Caste high Indo-European 30 *   
Gujarat Bhils Tribe   Indo-European 12 *   
Gujarat Brahmins Caste high Indo-European 63 *   
Sourashtran    Indo-European 46 $   
Koknasth Brahmin Caste high Indo-European 25 #   
Maratha Caste middle Indo-European 20 #   
Nav Buddha Caste low Indo-European 14 #   
South:        
Andhra Brahmins Caste high Dravidian 6 *   
Kallar Caste   Dravidian 84 $   
Yadhava Caste   Dravidian 129 $ 3  
Ambalakarar Caste middle Dravidian 29 #   
Irula Tribe   Dravidian 30 #   
Iyengar Caste high Dravidian 30 #   
Iyer Caste high Dravidian 29 #   
Koya Tribe Tribe Dravidian 27 #   
Kota Tribe   Dravidian 16 #   
Konda Tribe Tribe Dravidian 30 #   
Kurumba Tribe   Dravidian 19 #   
Pallan Caste low Dravidian 29 #   
Toda Tribe   Dravidian 8 #   
Vanniyar Caste middle Dravidian 25 #   
Vellalar Caste middle Dravidian 31 # 1@  
Total     1615   16 5
  1. * Present Study, # Sengupta et al. 2006, $ Seielstad et al. 2003.
  2. 'Dalits+' used instead of 'Chamar', as per Indian Constitution.
  3. @found as 'Q4' by Sengupta et al.4
  4. Q1Found as Q1 in present study.