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Table 5 Maximum likelihood estimates of the population size, Θ (Θ = 4 × effective population size, N e × mutation rate, μ per generation and site) and the scaled migration rate, M (M = immigration rate per generation m/μ) for all population samples of Sardina pilchardus. Θ values are displayed on the diagonal. All values are within the bounds of 95% interval of confidence

From: Relative role of life-history traits and historical factors in shaping genetic population structure of sardines (Sardina pilchardus)

  Migration rate (M)a  
Location Dakhla Tantan Safi Larache Quarteira Pasajes Nador Barcelona Kavala Neb
Dakhla 0.62 8.02 9.60 7.76 6.51 11.88 13.92 9.88 7.62 15500
Tantan 8.77 0.81 13.74 9.46 8.54 10.79 11.38 5.85 8.85 20346
Safi 11.40 11.23 0.48 13.85 14.67 13.22 10.52 5.76 9.10 12012
Larache 8.70 10.46 15.60 0.50 13.33 10.75 10.87 6.03 7.73 12550
Quarteira 4.35 7.81 9.81 8.04 0.42 18.24 17.72 14.35 13.84 10568
Pasajes 11.88 12.51 12.58 9.35 16.52 0.42 14.92 8.60 11.66 10472
Nador 11.60 8.54 9.60 8.16 16.22 16.78 0.49 7.41 12.22 12280
Barcelona 10.34 3.90 9.00 10.70 20.47 10.58 10.61 0.38 8.60 9428
Kavala 9.52 6.57 7.79 5.21 11.86 10.60 12.88 6.35 0.49 12208
  1. a Rows and columns are donor and recipient populations, respectively. b N e was calculated assuming μ = 10-4 per locus and per generation