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Table 3 Samples used in the study Acronyms: FMNH: Field Museum of Natural History; LSUZM: Museum of Natural Science, Lousiana State University; NMWM: National Museum of Namibia; NRM: Swedish Museum of Natural History; PFIAO: Percy FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology, University of Cape Town; TJP: Thomas J. Parsons.

From: Inter-familial relationships of the shorebirds (Aves: Charadriiformes) based on nuclear DNA sequence data

Species Vernacular name Family Sample no. Origin
Larus fuscus Lesser Black-backed Gull Laridae NRM 946583 Russia
Sterna hirundo Common Tern Sternidae NRM 20016389 Sweden
Rynchops niger Black Skimmer Rynchopidae LSUMZ B-2457 USA
Catharacta maccormicki South Polar Skua Stercorariidae NRM 896303 Antarctica
Stercorarius pomarinus Pomarine Jaeger Stercorariidae NRM 946710 Russia
Alca torda Razorbill Alcidae NRM 986504 Sweden
Cursorius temminckii Temminck's Courser Glareolidae NMWM 796F Namibia
Rhinoptilus africanus Double-banded Courser Glareolidae NMWM 2127F Namibia
Arenaria interpres Ruddy Turnstone Scolopacidae NRM 946593 Russia
Calidris melanotos Pectoral Sandpiper Scolopacidae NRM 937394 Paraguay
Phalaropus lobatus Red-necked Phalarope Scolopacidae NRM 976541 Sweden
Tringa totanus Common Redshank Scolopacidae NRM 946526 Sweden
Gallinago gallinago Common Snipe Scolopacidae NRM 20016235 Sweden
Jacana jacana Wattled Jacana Jacanidae NRM 937364 Paraguay
Rostratula benghalensis Greater Painted-snipe Rostratulidae FMNH 358238 Philippines
Thinocorus orbignyanus Grey-breasted Seedsnipe Thinocoridae LSUMZ B-1205 Bolivia
Charadrius collaris Collared Plover Charadriidae TJP unknown
Pluvialis dominica American Golden-Plover Charadriidae NRM 947050 Paraguay
Vanellus vanellus Northern Lapwing Charadriidae NRM 996200 Sweden
Haematopus ater Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopodidae TJP unknown
Recurvirostra avosetta Pied Avocet Recurvirostridae NRM 966075 Sweden
Burhinus bistriatus Double-striped Thick-knee Burhinidae LSUMZ B-19210 Captive
Chionis alba Snowy Sheathbill Chionidae LSUMZ B-9907 Antarctica
Afrotis atra Black Bustard Otididae LSUMZ B-8672 Captive
Grus canadensis Sandhill Crane Gruidae TJP unknown
Pterocles gutturalis Yellow-throated Sandgrouse Pteroclididae PFIAO 37YtS South Africa
Scardafella squammata Scaled Dove Columbidae NRM 956728 Paraguay
Chauna torquata Southern Screamer Anhimidae TJP unknown
Alectura lathami Australian Brush-turkey Megapodiidae LSUMZ B-20851 Captive