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Table 2 TMRCA calculated for the L0d/k subgroups and comparative whole genome estimates

From: MtDNA control region variation affirms diversity and deep sub-structure in populations from southern Africa

Divergeance times
Haplogroup ρ σ Years 1 SD 2 Years 3 CI
L0d 10.8580 2.2635 96601 20138 152,384 12,698
L0d1a 7.1351 2.0865 63480 18563 34,921 6,349
L0d1b 4.6709 1.5502 41556 13792 34,921 6,349
L0d1c 6.7119 2.2906 59714 20379 53,175 7,936
L0d2a 3.8242 1.7380 34023 15463 64,287 8,730
L0d2b 8.5000 2.4777 75623 22044 64,287 8,730
L0d2c 3.2941 1.5519 29307 13807 64,287 8,730
L0d2d 5.0000 1.8559 44484 16512 - -
L0d3 8.0000 2.6273 71174 23375 100,795 10,317
L0dx 4.0000 1.5411 35587 13711 - -
L0k1 4 8.5161 2.8144 75766 25039 142,860 11,905
Coalescent times (TMRCA)
Haplogroup ρ σ Years 1 SD 2 Years 3 CI
L0d 9.8580 2.0307 87705 18067 100,795 10,317
L0d1 6.4286 1.2576 57194 11189 53,175 7,936
L0d2 4.8718 1.6199 43343 14412 64,287 8,730
L0d1a 4.1351 1.1634 36789 10351 18,254 6,349
L0d1b 3.6709 1.1845 32659 10538 16,667 6,349
L0d1c 4.7119 1.8019 41921 16031 23,810 5,555
L0d2a 1.8242 1.0143 16230 9024 8,730 3,174
L0d2b 6.5000 2.0344 57829 18100 - -
L0d2c 2.2941 1.1867 20410 10558 20,635 5,555
L0d2d 4.0000 1.5635 35587 13910 - -
L0d3 4.0000 1.7037 35587 15157 31,746 7,936
L0dx 3.0000 1.1726 26690 10432 - -
L0k1 4 1.5161 0.9596 13488 8538 39,683 8,730
  1. 1 Years are calculated using ρ [20] and multiplying with the mutation rate from Ward et al., [18].
  2. 2 Standard deviation (SD) are calculated from σ by multiplying with the specific mutation rate from Ward et al., [18].
  3. 3 Estimates based on whole mitochondrial genomes obtained from Behar et al., [12].
  4. 4 L0k estimates from present study only include L0k1, while the Behar et al., study include L0k1 and L0k2 haplotypes.