Network of the L0 clade. Median joining network representing L0 substructure in the different study populations. Stars indicate median vectors that are discussed in the text. CRS – Control Region Sequence, NEAN – Neanderthal – Root. Numbers indicate mutations according to HVS basepair number. Circles represent haplotypes and are proportional to the number of sequences represented. The color key indicates from which populations different haplotypes originated (Table 1). OTH (other) includes IND, AFR and EUR. SEB (southeastern Bantu-speakers) includes SOT, ZUX, SWZ.