The pattern of net activity with conspecific males in mate choice trials by female species and region. The 5 responses include: (A) time with a male (entry tube plus cage, Figure 6), (B) visits to a male’s cage, (C) affiliation, (D) mating attempts, and (E) aggression. Responses (C) and (E) were the proportion of a female’s 2 trials where affiliation or aggression was observed. Each point represents the least squares mean difference (± 95% CI) between activity with conspecific and heterospecific males, with positive values indicating a preference for conspecifics. An asterisk (*) denotes a difference from zero (t test, P < 0.05). Statistical analyses on visits and mating attempts were performed on transformed values, but back-transformed values are shown (yielding asymmetric confidence intervals for these responses).