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Table 3 Molecular age estimates

From: A phylogenetic framework for evolutionary study of the nightshades (Solanaceae): a dated 1000-tip tree

Clade Group members Dating method
BEAST (uncorrelated lognormal relaxed clock model) PATHd8 (local clock model)
Tomato-potato S. lycopersiconS. tuberosum 8.0 (6.6-9.5) 9.1
Eggplant-tomato/potato S. lycopersiconS. melongena 14.3 (12.5-16.3) 18.8
Section Lycopersicon S. lycopersiconS. peruvianum 2.0 (1.2-2.6) 2.9
Section Petota S. tuberosumS. piurae 7.1 (5.9-8.5) 7.5
Eggplant clade S. melongenaS. macrocarpon 3.4 (2.7-4.1) 2.8
Capsicum cultivated C. frutescensC. eximium 3.4 (2.7-4.3) 3.6
Solanum Clade I – Clade II S. melongenaS. tuberosum 14.3 (12.5-16.3) 18.8
Solanum (crown) S. melongenaS. thelopodium 15.5 (13.3-17.5) 22.0
Solanum (stem) SolanumJaltomata 17.0 (14.5-18.7) 23.6
Solanum-Capsicum SolanumCapsicum 19.1 (17.0-21.0) 25.6
Solanoideae SolanumLycium 21.0 (19.0-23.3) 25.6
Solanum-Nicotiana (i.e., X = 12 clade) (i.e., Solanoideae stem) SolanumNicotiana 24.0 (23.0-25.7) 28.4
Solanaceae (crown) SolanumSchizanthus 30.4 (26.3-34.0) 32.1
Solanaceae (stem) Solanaceae - Convolvulaceae 49.2 (46.2-53.7) 54.8
  1. Minimum age estimates produced based on both PATHd8 and BEAST analyses for Solanaceae and its major clades. Clades refer to crown nodes unless otherwise indicated. Ages in brackets are 95% confidence intervals for BEAST. A densely sampled, time calibrated Solanaceae mega-phylogeny with associated confidence intervals can be found in Additional file 2.