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Table 2 Volatile compounds emitted by S. wertheimae galls and by leaves and infructescences of P. atlantica

From: Gall volatiles defend aphids against a browsing mammal

    Gall Leaf Infructescence
Compound Code   ng h-1 g-1DW % total ng h-1 g-1DW % total ng h-1 g-1DW % total
α-Pinene* apin M 43.6 ± 17.5 8.7 2.5 ± 0.8 1.4 16.3 ± 4.7 8.3
Camphene* camp M n.d. 0 n.d. 0 0.5 ± 0.2 0.3
Sabinene* sabi M 51.1 ± 50.0 10.2 n.d. 0 69.7 ± 31.8 35.7
β-Pinene* bpin M 18.6 ± 13.0 3.7 1.1 ± 0.8 0.6 9.5 ± 2.5 4.9
β-Myrcene* myrc M 30.5 ± 4.8 6.1 n.d. 0 11.6 ± 5.8 5.9
α-Phellandrene* aphe M 16.7 ± 3.8 3.3 n.d. 0 n.d. 0
2-Carene* 2car M 0.8 ± 0.8 0.2 n.d. 0 n.d. 0
3-Carene* 3car M 88.7 ± 88.6 17.8 n.d. 0 n.d. 0
p-Cymene* cyme M 5.7 ± 0.8 1.1 n.d. 0 n.d. 0
β-Phellandrene bphe M 27.6 ± 9.8 5.5 n.d. 0 n.d. 0
Limonene* limo M 181.0 ± 57.2 36.2 9.8 ± 6.6 5.2 87.3 ± 24.9 44.7
(Z)-Ocimene zoci M n.d. 0 65.6 ± 48.0 34.6 n.d. 0
(E)-β-Ocimene* boci M 1.0 ± 0.4 0.2 110.5 ± 80.1 58.3 0.5 ± 0.6 0.3
γ-Terpinene* gter M 12.3 ± 8.1 2.5 n.d. 0 n.d. 0
Terpinene-4-ol* terp M 3.9 ± 3.3 3.5 n.d. 0 n.d. 0
α-Terpinolene ater M 17.3 ± 8.8 0.8 n.d. 0 n.d. 0
Germacrene D* germ S 0.7 ± 0.3 0.1 n.d. 0 n.d. 0
  1. *Compound identified by comparison with authenticated standard. Tentative identification of other compounds by comparison of retention indices and mass spectra with Wiley 275 and Massfinder/Terpenoids library databanks. M Monoterpene or derivative, S Sesquiterpene or derivative, n.d. not detected. Mean values ± standard errors are given.