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Table 1 Individuals and sampling localities

From: Evolution of microgastropods (Ellobioidea, Carychiidae): integrating taxonomic, phylogenetic and evolutionary hypotheses

morphospecies # locality geographical position EL
Carychium O.F. Müller, 1774    latitude longitude  
C. clappi 1 USA, Tennessee, La Follette 36.332 −83.998 C1
Hubricht, 1959 2 USA, Tennessee, La Follette 36.332 −83.998 C1
  3 USA, Tennessee, La Follette 36.332 −83.998 C1
  4 USA, Tennessee, La Follette 36.332 −83.998 C1
C. exiguum 5 USA, New York, Naples, Ontario County, Grimes Glen 42.61591 −77.41355 C2
Say, 1822 6 USA, New York, Naples, Ontario County, Grimes Glen 42.61591 −77.41355 C2
  7 USA, New York, Naples, Ontario County, Grimes Glen 42.61591 −77.41355 C2
C. exile 8 USA, Indiana, Lawrence County, Williams Cave Sinkhole 38.7555 −86.59105 C3
H. C. Lea, 1842 9 USA, Indiana, Lawrence County, Williams Cave Sinkhole 38.7555 −86.59105 C3
  10 USA, Indiana, Lawrence County, Williams Cave Sinkhole 38.7555 −86.59105 C3
  11 USA, New York, Portageville, Letchworth State Park 42.57909 −78.04945 C3
  12 USA, New York, Portageville, Letchworth State Park 42.57909 −78.04945 C3
  13 USA, New York, Watkins Glen 42.375828 −76.871115 C3
  14 USA, New York, Watkins Glen 42.375828 −76.871115 C3
  15 USA, New York, Watkins Glen 42.375828 −76.871115 C3
C. exile mexicanum 16 USA, Georgia, Adairsville, Bartow County, Barnsley Gardens 34.311233 −84.9866 C1
Pilsbry, 1891 17 USA, Georgia, Adairsville, Bartow County, Barnsley Gardens 34.311233 −84.9866 C1
  18 USA, Alabama, Little River Mouth Park, Cherokee County 34.312233 −85.685733 C1
  19 USA, Alabama, Little River Mouth Park, Cherokee County 34.312233 −85.685733 C1
  20 USA, Illinois, Jackson County, Gorham 37.6865 −89.490667 C1
  21 USA, Florida, Marianna 30.810556 −85.226667 C4
C. floridanum 22 USA, Florida, Wakulla Springs 30.23548 −84.303087 C5
Clapp, 1918 23 USA, Florida, Wakulla Springs 30.23548 −84.303087 C5
  24 USA, Florida, Wakulla Springs 30.23548 −84.303087 C5
  25 USA, Florida, Wakulla Springs 30.23548 −84.303087 C5
  26 USA, Florida, Wakulla Springs 30.23548 −84.303087 C5
C. cf. schlickumi 27 Greece, Epirus, Ioáninna Prov., Métsovo 39.8213 21.1294 C6
Strauch, 1977 28 Greece, Epirus, Ioáninna Prov., Métsovo 39.8213 21.1294 C6
  29 Greece, Epirus, Ioáninna Prov., Métsovo 39.8213 21.1294 C6
C. ibazoricum 30 Portugal, Azores, San Miguel, Sete Cidades 37.847033 −25.780217 C7
Bank & Gittenberger, 1985 31 Portugal, Azores, San Miguel, Furnas 37.770383 −25.306583 C7
  32 Portugal, Azores, San Miguel, Furnas 37.770383 −25.306583 C7
  33 Portugal, Estremadura, near Sao Pedro de Moel 39.774167 −9.016667 C7
  34 Portugal, Estremadura, near Sao Pedro de Moel 39.774167 −9.016667 C7
C. lederi O. Boettger, 1880 35 Iran, Mazandaran, Nowshahr, Kheiroudkanar forest 36.605833 51.568333 C8
C. mexicanum 36 USA, Georgia, Flovilla, Butts County, Indian Springs State Park 33.242367 −83.92035 C9
Pilsbry, 1891 37 USA, Georgia, Flovilla, Butts County, Indian Springs State Park 33.242367 −83.92035 C9
  38 USA, Georgia, Flovilla, Butts County, Indian Springs State Park 33.242367 −83.92035 C9
  39 Belize, Maya Mountains, Bladen Nature Reserve 16.557167 −88.707833 C10
  40 Belize, Maya Mountains, Bladen Nature Reserve 16.557167 −88.707833 C10
C. mexicanum costaricanum 41 Costa Rica, Puntarenas, Santa Elena 10.369833 −84.804167 C11
Von Martens, 1898 42 Costa Rica, Puntarenas, Monte Verde 10.301333 −84.790167 C11
  43 Costa Rica, San José, San Gerardo de Dota 9.5496 −83.8032 C11
  44 Costa Rica, San José, San Gerardo de Dota 9.5496 −83.8032 C11
  45 Costa Rica, San José, San Gerardo de Dota 9.5496 −83.8032 C11
  46 Panama, Chiriquí, Sendero el Retoño, Parque internacional la Amistad 8.8913 −82.628611 C12
  47 Panama, Chiriquí, Sendero el Retoño, Parque internacional la Amistad 8.88815 −82.620667 C12
  48 Panama, Chiriquí, Sendero el Retoño, Parque internacional la Amistad 8.88815 −82.620667 C12
  49 Panama, Chiriquí, near Boquete 8.824767 −82.495833 C13
  50 Panama, Chiriquí, near Boquete 8.824767 −82.495833 C13
  51 Panama, Chiriquí, near Boquete 8.824767 −82.495833 C13
  52 Panama, Chiriquí, near Boquete 8.824767 −82.495833 C13
C. minimum 53 Poland, Słubice 52.3467 14.5806 C14
O.F. Müller, 1774 54 Italy, Upper Adige, near Auer 46.3385 11.3503 C14
  55 Spain, Asturias, Gijón 43.5204 −5.6164 C14
C. nannodes 56 USA, Tennessee, Overton County, Slit Cave 36.456833 −85.375067 C15
G.H. Clapp, 1905 57 USA, Tennessee, Unicoi County, near Unaka Springs 36.0986 −82.4466 C15
  58 Canada, Ontario, Crawford Lake 43.4712 −79.9464 C15
C. nipponense 59 Japan, Honshu Is., Iwate, Ichinoseki, Geibikei 38.9845 141.255667 C16
Pilsbry & Hirase, 1904 60 Japan, Honshu Is., Fukushima, Urabandai 37.687783 140.1205 C16
C. noduliferum 61 Japan, Honshu Is., Iwate, Ichinoseki, Geibikei 38.9845 141.255667 C17
Reinhardt, 1877 62 Japan, Honshu Is., Fukushima, Urabandai 37.687783 140.1205 C17
  63 Japan, Honshu Is., Kanagawa, Yamakita, Oomatazawa 35.423333 139.005 C18
  64 Taiwan, Taichung County, Heping, Shei-Pa N.P., Huanshan 24.37295 121.310567 C19
C. occidentale 65 USA, Washington, Mason County 47.3038 −123.0918 C20
Pilsbry, 1891 66 USA, Washington, Mason County 47.3038 −123.0918 C20
  67 USA, Washington, Mason County 47.3038 −123.0918 C20
  68 USA, Washington, Mason County 47.3038 −123.0918 C20
  69 USA, Washington, Mason County 47.3038 −123.0918 C20
C. cf. pessimum 70 Russia, Vladivostok, Promorsky Kray 43.193417 132.0511 C21
Pilsbry, 1902 71 Russia, Vladivostok, Promorsky Kray 43.193417 132.0511 C21
  72 Russia, Vladivostok, Promorsky Kray 43.193417 132.0511 C21
  73 Russia, Vladivostok, Promorsky Kray 43.193417 132.0511 C21
  74 Russia, Vladivostok, Promorsky Kray 43.193417 132.0511 C21
  75 Japan, Honshu Is., Iwate, Sarusawa 39.021167 141.292833 C22
C. stygium 76 USA, Kentucky, Hart County, Horse Cave (Hidden River Cave) 37.174167 −85.903833 C1
Call, 1897 77 USA, Kentucky, Hart County, Horse Cave (Hidden River Cave) 37.174167 −85.903833 C1
  78 USA, Tennessee, Slit Cave (cave entrance) 36.456833 −85.375067 C1
  79 USA, Tennessee, Slit Cave (cave entrance) 36.456833 −85.375067 C1
C. tridentatum 80 Switzerland, St. Gallen, St. Gallen 47.36 9.14 C23
(Risso, 1826) 81 Italy, Upper Adige, near Auer 46.3385 11.3503 C23
  82 France, Britanny, near Lopreden 48.596667 −3.97 C23
Carychium sp. 1 83 Bulgaria, Mostovo Village, entrance Gargina Dupka Cave (Rhodopi Mnt.) 41.850667 24.926183 C23
  84 Bulgaria, Mostovo Village, entrance Gargina Dupka Cave (Rhodopi Mnt.) 41.850667 24.926183 C23
  85 Italy, Lombardy, Lago Maggiore, Laveno-Mombello 45.90718 8.6625 C23
  86 Italy, Lombardy, Lago d'Iseo, Vigolo 45.7367 10.0025 C23
  87 Romania, Bacâia 46.0249 23.1734 C23
  88 Georgia, Kakheti Province, Lagodekhi Nature Reserve 41.88 46.31 C23
  89 Georgia, Kakheti Province, Lagodekhi Nature Reserve 41.88 46.31 C23
Carychium sp. 2 90 China, Yunnan, Zhongdian County, Shangri-La 27.501017 100.033833 C24
  91 China, Yunnan, Zhongdian County, Shangri-La 27.501017 100.033833 C24
  92 China, Yunnan, Zhongdian County, Shangri-La 27.501017 100.033833 C24
  93 China, Yunnan, Zhongdian County, Shangri-La 27.501017 100.033833 C24
  94 China, Yunnan, Zhongdian County, Shangri-La 27.501017 100.033833 C24
Carychium sp. 3 95 China, North Sichuan, Songpan County, Huanglong 32.7373 103.824383 C25
  96 China, North Sichuan, Songpan County, Huanglong 32.7373 103.824383 C25
  97 China, North Sichuan, Songpan County, Huanglong 32.7373 103.824383 C25
Zospeum Bourguignat, 1856    cave name   
Z. alpestre kupitzense 98 Slovenia, Kamnik-Savinja Alps, Solčava Ložekarjeva zijalka Z1  
A. Stummer, 1984 99 Slovenia, Kamnik-Savinja Alps, Solčava Ložekarjeva zijalka Z1  
Z. cf. biscaiense Gómez & Prieto, 1983 100 Spain, Garaimendi, Yurre Cueva de Otxas* Z2  
Z. exiguum 101 Slovenia, Cerknica, Lož Križna jama* Z3  
Kusčer, 1932 102 Slovenia, Cerknica, Lož Križna jama* Z3  
  103 Slovenia, Cerknica, Lož Križna jama* Z3  
  104 Slovenia, Cerknica, Lož Križna jama* Z3  
  105 Slovenia, Cerknica, Lož Križna jama* Z3  
Z. frauenfeldi 106 Slovenia, Dobrepolje, Podpeč Podpeška jama* Z4  
(Freyer, 1855) 107 Slovenia, Dobrepolje, Podpeč Podpeška jama* Z4  
  108 Slovenia, Dobrepolje, Podpeč Podpeška jama* Z4  
  109 Slovenia, Dobrepolje, Podpeč Podpeška jama* Z4  
  110 Slovenia, Dobrepolje, Podpeč Podpeška jama* Z4  
Z. isselianum 111 Slovenia, Kamnik, Kamniška Bistrica Jama pod Farjevim plazom Z5  
Pollonera, 1887 112 Slovenia, Kobarid*, Robič Turjeva jama Z6  
  113 Slovenia, Kamnik-Savinja Alps, Šmihel nad Mozirjem Konečka zijalka Z7  
  114 Slovenia, Kamnik-Savinja Alps, Šmihel nad Mozirjem Konečka zijalka Z7  
  115 Croatia, Kordun, Karlovac, Krnjak, Brebornica Mts. Jopićeva špilja Z8  
  116 Croatia, Kordun, Karlovac, Krnjak, Brebornica Mts. Jopićeva špilja Z8  
  117 Croatia, Kordun, Karlovac, Krnjak, Brebornica Mts. Jopićeva špilja Z8  
  118 Croatia, Kordun, Karlovac, Krnjak, Brebornica Mts. Jopićeva špilja Z8  
Z. obesum 119 Slovenia, Gradiček, Krška vas Krška jama* Z9  
(Frauenfeld, 1854) 120 Slovenia, Gradiček, Krška vas Krška jama* Z9  
  121 Slovenia, Gradiček, Krška vas Krška jama* Z9  
Z. pretneri Bole, 1960 122 Croatia, Gračac, Kesići Donja Cerovačka špilja* Z10  
Z. spelaeum schmidti 123 Slovenia, Veliki Otok, Postojna Betalov Spodmol Z11  
(Frauenfeld, 1854) 124 Slovenia, Loka pri Mengšu Jama 1 pri Jabljah Z12  
  125 Slovenia, Loka pri Mengšu Jama 1 pri Jabljah Z12  
  126 Slovenia, Loka pri Mengšu Jama 1 pri Jabljah Z12  
  127 Slovenia, Loka pri Mengšu Jama 1 pri Jabljah Z12  
  128 Slovenia, Loka pri Mengšu Jama 1 pri Jabljah Z12  
  129 Slovenia, Krim Region, Gornji Ig Velika Pasica* Z11  
  130 Slovenia, Krim Region, Gornji Ig Velika Pasica* Z11  
  131 Italy, Trieste, near Gabrovizza San Primo Grotte d'Ercole Z11  
  132 Italy, Trieste, near Gabrovizza San Primo Grotte d'Ercole Z11  
  133 Italy, Trieste, near Basovizza Grotte Bac Z11  
  134 Italy, Trieste, near Basovizza Grotte Bac Z11  
  135 Italy, Trieste, near Samatorza Grotte Azzurra Z11  
Z. suarezi 136 Spain, Cantabria, Novales, La Busta Cueva del Linar Z13  
Gittenberger, 1980 137 Spain, Cantabria, Novales, La Busta Cueva del Linar Z13  
  138 Spain, Cantabria, Novales, La Busta Cueva del Linar Z13  
  139 Spain, Cantabria, Novales, La Busta Cueva del Linar Z13  
  140 Spain, Asturias, Inguanzo Cueva del Bosque/Cueva Inguanzo* Z14  
  141 Spain, Asturias, Inguanzo Cueva del Bosque/Cueva Inguanzo* Z14  
  142 Spain, Bizkaia, San Pedro de Galdames, Barranco de Aranaga Cueva de los Cuervos Z15  
  143 Spain, Bizkaia, San Pedro de Galdames, Barranco de Aranaga Cueva de los Cuervos Z15  
  144 Spain, Bizkaia, San Pedro de Galdames, Barranco de Aranaga Cueva de los Cuervos Z15  
  145 Spain, Castilla y León, Monte Santiago Cueva de Las Paúles Z16  
Z. subobesum 146 Croatia, Ogulin, Tounj Tounjčica* Z8  
Bole, 1974 147 Croatia, Ogulin, Tounj Tounjčica* Z8  
  148 Croatia, Ogulin, Tounj Tounjčica* Z8  
Zospeum sp. 1 149 Spain, Bizkaia, Guipúzcoa Mts., Valle de Araotz Cueva de Ermita de Sandaili Z17  
  150 Spain, Bizkaia, Guipúzcoa Mts., Valle de Araotz Cueva de Ermita de Sandaili Z17  
  151 Spain, Bizkaia, Guipúzcoa Mts., Valle de Araotz Cueva de Ermita de Sandaili Z17  
  152 Spain, Garaimendi, Yurre Cueva de Otxas Z17  
  153 Spain, Garaimendi, Yurre Cueva de Otxas Z17  
  154 Spain, Garaimendi, Yurre Cueva de Otxas Z17  
  155 Spain, Garaimendi, Yurre Cueva de Otxas Z17  
  156 Spain, Garaimendi, Yurre Cueva de Otxas Z17  
  157 Spain, Bizkaia, Manaria, Urkuleta Valley Cueva Silibranka II Z17  
  158 Spain, Bizkaia, Manaria, Urkuleta Valley Cueva Silibranka II Z17  
  159 Spain, Bizkaia, Manaria, Urkuleta Valley Cueva Silibranka II Z17  
  160 Spain, Bizkaia, Dima, Indusi Cueva del Cráneo Z17  
Zospeum sp. 2 161 Spain, Castilla y León, Monte Santiago Cueva de Las Paúles Z18  
  162 Spain, Castilla y León, Monte Santiago Cueva de Las Paúles Z18  
  163 Spain, Castilla y León, Monte Santiago Cueva de Las Paúles Z18  
Outgroup taxa      
Pythiidae, Laemodonta cubensis 164 Bermuda, Hamilton Parish, Walsingham Pond, outside Cliff Cave 32.34773 −64.70965  
Melampodidae, Microtralia occidentalis 165 Bermuda, St. George Parish, St. George Island, Lover's Lake 32.36750 −64.70990  
Veronicellidae, Veronicella cubensis 166 Bermuda, Devonshire Parish, Winfried Gibbons Nature Reserve, South Road 32.30230 −64.74450  
  1. Data on the morphological identification, taxonomic first description, specimen number (#), sampling locality and evolutionary lineage (EL) are provided. Type locality populations or localities referred to in the phenotype descriptions of Zospeum morphospecies are marked by an asterisk.