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Table 3 Divergence time estimates in millions of years ago (with 95% highest posterior density [HPD] range) for major nodes (Figure 5 ) associated with the Gastrophyninae and Otophryninae taxa sampled for this study.

From: Molecular phylogeny of microhylid frogs (Anura: Microhylidae) with emphasis on relationships among New World genera

Node (Figure5) Age in mya (95% HPD)
1. Origin of Synapturanus 28.80 (10.36—51.08)
2. Origin of Otophryne 28.78 (13.48—47.97)
3. Origin of Melanophryne + Ctenophryne + Nelsonophryne clade 21.85 (11.00—37.36)
4. Origin of Chiasmocleis 22.80 (10.42—38.42)
5. Origin of Chiasmocleis + Syncope clade 37.26 (21.23—54.69)
6. Origin of Syncope 13.98 (5.59—25.18)
7. Origin of Gastrophryninae subclade I 64.88 (48.18—78.21)
8. Origin of Dasypops + Myersiella 22.27 (8.04—37.75)
9. Origin of Dasypops + Stereocyclops + Myersiella 37.83 (23.36—55.53)
10.Origin of Stereocyclops 13.94 (5.09—25.92)
11. Origin of Gastrophryninae subclade II* 49.43 (34.29—64.67)
12. Origin of Arcovomer + Hamptophryne clade 34.50 (21.26—48.89)
13. Origin of Hamptophryne 20.86 (8.69-34.99)
14. Origin of Gastrophryninae subclade III* 41.30 (27.91—59.65)
15. Origin of Elachistocleis 23.24 (13.30—33.79)
16. Origin of Elachistocleis + Dermatonotus + Hypopachus + Gastrophryne clade 33.51 (22.52—46.23)
17. Origin of Elachistocleis + Hypopachus + Gastrophryne clade 30.30 (19.51—41.58)
18. Origin of Hypopachus 17.40 (9.94—26.86)
19. Origin of Hypopachus + Gastrophryne 20.97 (13.09—31.50)
20. Origin of Gastrophryne 8.09 (3.49—15.19)
  1. *subclade designations can be found in text.