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Table 5 Plasmodium species included in our phylogenetic analysis

From: Timing the origin of human malarias: the lemur puzzle

Species - Strain NCBI No. Natural Host Geogrphic range
P. cynomolgi AY800108 Macaca sinica, M. nemestrina,
M. fascicularis, M. mulatta,
M. radiata, Presbytis entrellus,
P. critatus, Semnopithecus spp.
Southeast Asia
P. cynomolgi - Berok AB444129   
P. cynomolgi - Ceylonensis AB444125   
P. vivax AY598140 Homo sapiens Tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions
P. inui- Taiwan II GQ355483 Macaca sinica, M. nemestrina,
M. fascicularis, M. mulatta,
M. radiata, M. cyclopis
South and East Asia
P. inui- Leaf Monkey II GQ355482   
P. hylobati AB354573 Hylobati moloch Indonesia, Malaysia (Borneo)
P. simiovale AB434920 M. sinica Sri Lanka
P. fieldi- N-3 AB354574 M. nemestrina, M. fascicularis Malaysia
P. coatneyi AB354575 M. fascicularis Malaysia, Philippines
P. knowlesi NC_007232 M. nemestrina, M. fascicularis,
M. nigra
Southeast Asia
P. fragile AY722799 M. radiata, M. mulatta, Prebytis spp. Southern India, Sri Lanka
P. gonderi AY800111 Cercocebus atys, Cercopithecus spp. Central Africa
Plasmodium sp. AY800112 Mandrillus sphinx (Cercopithecidae) Central Africa
P. malariae AB354570 Homo sapiens Tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions
P. ovale-wallikeri HQ712053 Homo sapiens Tropical and subtropical regions
P. ovale-curtisi HQ712052 Homo sapiens Tropical and subtropical regions
Plasmodium sp. (A) HQ712054 Hapalemur griseus griseus Madagascar (Eastern rainforest)
Plasmodium sp. (B) HQ712055 Varecia variegata  
Plasmodium sp. (C) HQ712056 Hapalemur griseus griseus  
Plasmodium sp. (D) HQ712057 Indri indri  
Plasmodium sp. (E) JN131536 Eulemur macaco macaco Madagascar (Northwest)
P. malagasi HM000113 HM000122 Propithecus verrauxi Madagascar
P. berghei AF014115 Grammomys sp. Central Africa
P. yoelii M29000 Thamnomys sp. Africa
P. atheruri HQ712051 Atherurus africanus (Porcupine) Central Africa
P. chabaudi AF014116 Thamnomys sp. Central Africa
Plasmodium sp. GQ355468 Pan troglodytes Uganda, Republic of the Congo
Plasmodium sp. GQ355479 Pan troglodytes Uganda, Republic of the Congo
P. reichenowi NC-002235 Pan troglodytes Africa
P. reichenowi GQ355476 Pan troglodytes Republic of the Congo
P. falciparum AY282930 Homo sapiens Worldwide Tropical regions
P. falciparum GQ355474 Pan paniscus Republic of the Congo
P. gaboni FJ895307 Pan troglodytes Gabon
Plasmodium sp. (G1) HM235308 Gorilla sp. Republic of the Congo
Plasmodium sp. (G1) HM235269 Gorilla sp. Republic of the Congo
Plasmodium sp. (G2) HM235307 Gorilla sp. Cameroon
Plasmodium sp. (G3) HM235294 Gorilla sp. Central African Republic
Plasmodium sp. (C1) HM235350 Pan troglodytes Cameroon
Plasmodium sp. (C1) HM235388 Pan troglodytes Democratic Republic of the Congo
Plasmodium sp. (C2) HM235319 Pan troglodytes Democratic Republic of the Congo
Plasmodium sp. (C2) HM235349 Pan troglodytes Cameroon
Plasmodium sp. (C3) HM235293 Pan troglodytes Cameroon
P. juxtanucleare NC_008279 Galliformes and domestic birds Tropical and subtropical regions
P. gallinaceum NC_008288 Galliformes and Sphenisciformes  
P. floridense NC_009961 Anolis sagrei Caribbean
P. mexicanum NC_009960 Sceloporus occidentalis California, USA