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Table 7 Nested MANOVA of PCA scores testing the difference between groups and population nested within group (random effect)

From: Morphological and genetic divergence in Swedish postglacial stickleback (Pungitius pungitius) populations

  Wilk's lambda DF ~F P
All groups     
   Whole model 0.0330 34.1030 122.3634 < 0.0001
   Group 0.1528 6.1030 267.4450 < 0.0001
   Population [Group] 0.0797 28.1030 93.5370 < 0.0001