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Table 4 Hierarchical variance analyses of Melanargia galathea and M.lachesis among genetic groups

From: From Africa to Europe and back: refugia and range shifts cause high genetic differentiation in the Marbled White butterfly Melanargia galathea

Groups among groups
(FCT)
within groups
(FSC)
prop. of among groups variance of total variance among pops.
galathea vs lachesis 0.1811***
(0.2308)
0.1694***
(0.1768)
56.6%
Tunisia + Sicily vs rest of Europe 0.2256***
(0.2786)
0.0892***
(0.0852)
76.6%
Tunisia vs Morocco 0.2153***
(0.2475)
0.0387***
(0.0349)
87.6%
Tunisia vs Sicily 0.0338
(0.0291)
0.0445***
(0.0370)
44.0%
Sicily vs Italy 0.1797***
(0.1928)
0.0203***
(0.0179)
91.5%
Italy vs S France (Condat) 0.0107***
(0.0102)
0.0119***
(0.0113)
47.4%
Italy vs SW Alps (Col de Tende) 0.1726***
(0.1993)
0.0117***
(0.0112)
94.7%
east Balkans + Central Europe vs SW Alps (Col de Tende) 0.0615*
(0.0621)
0.0611***
(0.0579)
51.8%
Italy vs SW Alps vs west Balkans vs east Balkans + Central Europe 0.0798***
(0.0813)
0.0479***
(0.0449)
64.4%
east Balkans + Romania vs Central Europe 0.0066
(0.0063)
0.0581***
(0.0548)
10.3%
Morocco vs continental Europe 0.0269*
(0.0271)
0.0896***
(0.0877)
23.6%
  1. F statistics (top line) with their respective variance values (in parenthesis below). Groupings following neighbour joining analysis and STRUCTURE plots (see Figures 1 and 2).