The major biogeographic barriers in eastern Australia. A description of each barrier is provided in Table 1. The location of Kroombit Tops is shown in Figure 2. Inset: The coastline of the Bass Strait region 14 kya. Tasmania has repeatedly been connected to the mainland during the Pleistocene by land bridges, with the most recent connection occurring 43-14 kya during the last glacial maxima. The western land bridge was severed 17.5 kya, with the eastern connection (the Bassian Isthmus) being inundated 13 kya, isolating Tasmania from the mainland (after ).