Skip to main content

Table 1 Taxonomic designation, sample size, geographic origin, and colony abbreviation of gull populations used in this study

From: Introgressive hybridization and the evolutionary history of the herring gull complex revealed by mitochondrial and nuclear DNA

taxon n geographic origin abbreviation geographic coordinates collected by
argentatus 10 Russia, White Sea WSA 67°09'N,32°23'E I. Charitonova, A. Filchagov
  6 Norway, Tromso NNO 69°40'N,19°00'E R. R. Snell
  6 Finland, Lake-Saimaa FIN 61°16'N,28°15'E R. Juvatse
  6 Estonia, Matsalu EST 58°46'N,23°44'E R. Juvaste
  2 Poland, Wloclawek POL 52°39'N,19°05'E M. Zielinski
  4 Germany, Hiddensee MVP 54°20'N,13°10'E R. Barth, A. J. Helbig
  4 Denmark, Lindholm DEN 55°43'N,11°43'E K. T. Pederson
  4 Sweden, NW Skane SSW 56°27'N,12°34'E K. Bengtson
  6 Norway, Vest-Agder SNO 58°10'N,06°40'E T. O. Hansen
argenteus 18 Iceland, Skruder ICE 65°00'N,13°20'W R. R. Snell
  10 Iceland, Karlsskali ICW 65°00'N,13°20'W R. R. Snell
  4 Denmark, Faroe Islands FAR 62°20'N,07°20'W R. R. Snell
  6 England, Isle of May ENG 56°11'N,02°33'W B. H. Bailey, M.Harris
  8 France, Finistere FRA 48°40'N,03°20'W R. R. Snell
  11 Netherlands, Maasvlakte NET 51°56'N,04°28'E F. Cottaar, N v. Swelm
  4 Germany, Helgoland HGL 54°11'N,07°54'E N. Robert
hyperboreus 8 Russia, Novaja Semlja NOS 73°15'N,56°01'E A. J. Helbig
Eurasia 10 Svalbard, Longyearbyen SVA 78°13'N,15°20'E R. R. Snell
  5 Denmark, Faroe Islands FAR 61°35'N,05°00'W J. K. Jensen
  9 Iceland, Bjarnhafnarfjall ICB 65°00'N,23°00'W R. R. Snell
hyperboreus 17 Canada, NWT, Baffin Island BAF 69°00'N,68°00'W R. R. Snell
N. Am. 7 USA, Alaska, Yukon ALY 62°25'N,165°31'W A. J. Baker
  9 USA, NW Alaska ALA 71°11'N,163°51'W J. A. Gerwin
  2 USA, Washington WAS 47°20'N,120°05'W R. Chandler, S. Rohwer
marinus 11 Denmark, Katholm, Jylland KAT 55°43'N,11°43'E E. Fritze, K. T. Pedersen
Europe 2 Netherlands, Maasvlakte NET 51°56'N,04°28'E F. Cottaar, N v. Swelm
  2 France, Finistere FRA 48°40'N,03°20'W R. R. Snell
  15 Denmark, Faroe Islands FAR 61°35'N,05°00'W J. K. Jensen
  2 Iceland, Skruder ICE 65°00'N,13°20'W R. R. Snell
marinus 3 Canada, Newfoundland NFL 47°18'N,52°48'W A. J. Baker
N. Am. 11 Canada, Bay of Fundy FUN 45°12'N,86°09'W C. Pekarik
  18 Canada, Lake Ontario ONT 43°53'N,76°23'W C. Pekarik
atlantis 3 Portugal, Berlenga Islands   39°24'N,09°30'W M.v. Leeuwen, L. Moreis
  5 Morocco, Essaouria   31°29'N,09°45'W M.v. Leeuwen, N. v. Swelm
  5 Portugal, Island of Madeira   32°52'N,17°10'W M.v. Leeuwen, N. v. Swelm
michahellis 5 Spain, Gibraltar   36°08'N,05°21'W M.v. Leeuwen, N. v. Swelm
  2 France, Alsace   48°10'N,08°00'W M. Boschert
  4 Italy, Capraia Island   43°03'N,09°48'W N. Baccetti
  2 Malta, Filfla Island   35°57'N,14°26'W J. Sultana, C. Gauci
  5 Greece, Island of Crete   35°10'N,25°50'W A. J. Helbig
cachinnans 6 Rumania, Danube Delta   44°30'N,28°30'E R. Klein, A. Buchheim
  4 Ukraine, Odessa   46°20'N,32°30'E A. Rudenko, N. v. Swelm
  7 Ukraine, Azov' Black Sea   44°30'N,28°30'E V. Dierschke, D. Liebers
  16 Russia, N Caspian Sea   45°00'N,48°20'E T. Tennhardt, D. Liebers
fuscus 17 Finland, Lake Saimaa   61°16'N,28°15'E R. Juvaste
graellsii 4 Denmark, Faroe Islands   61°35'N,05°00'W E. Fritze
  8 Iceland   64°09'N,21°57'W A. Sigfusson
smithsonianus 6 Canada, Lake Ontario ONT 45°20'N,80°02'W D. Liebers
  15 Canada, New Brunsewick NBR 47°51'N,64°33'W R. R. Snell
  9 Canada, Prince Edward Island PEI 46°10'N,63°30'W R. R. Snell
  5 USA, Alaska, Fairbanks ALF 64°50'N,147°10'W R. R. Snell
  1. Indicated are the commonly used taxonomic names, sample sizes, geographic origins, and sample collectors for all gull populations used in this study. The colony abbreviations correspond with those in figures 3, 4, and 5.