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Table 2 Pairwise Φ-statistics among samples grouped according to the phylogenetic clades, the geographic regions, and the ecogeographic regions.

From: Population history, phylogeography, and conservation genetics of the last Neotropical mega-herbivore, the lowland tapir (Tapirus terrestris)

Phylogenetic clades        
  Clade I Clade II Clade III Clade IV    
Clade I - 0.68 0.72 0.72    
Clade II p < 0.001 - 0.64 0.69    
Clade III p < 0.001 p < 0.001 - 0.55    
Clade IV p < 0.0001 p < 0.001 p < 0.001 -    
Geographic regions        
  western Amazonia Andean foothills north Amazonia south Amazonia    
western Amazonia - 0.08 0.05 0.27    
Andean foothills ns - 0.27 0.34    
north Amazonia ns p < 0.001 - 0.25    
south Amazonia p < 0.01 p < 0.01 p < 0.01 -    
Ecogeographic regions        
  North-East Amazon rainforest "Pastizal" herbaceous habitat Llanos Choco Darien
rainforest
South East Amazon rainforest Upper Amazon rainforest Dry tropical forest
North-East Amazon rainforest - 0.09 0.22 -0.36 0.13 0.23 0.19
"Pastizal" herbaceous habitat ns - 0.80 0.33 0.2 0.23 0.15
Llanos p = 0.01 ns - 1.0 1.0 0.31 0.84
Choco Darien rainforest ns ns ns - 1.0 -0.02 0.68
South East Amazon rainforest ns ns ns ns - 0.6 0.60
Upper Amazon rainforest p = 0.001 p = 0.05 p = 0.002 ns ns - 0.29
Dry tropical forest p = 0.05 ns p = 0.02 ns ns p = 0.003 -
  1. Above diagonal: Fixation index (Kimura 2-parameters). Below diagonal: associated p-values.