Phylogeny of the Higher Nematinae and the diversification of host-plant use within the group. The tree was reconstructed according to a Bayesian phylogenetic analysis allowing a separate GTR+I+Γ4 model of substitution for each gene. Numbers above branches show Bayesian posterior probabilities (%) followed by bootstrap proportions (%) from the corresponding ML analysis (hyphens in the place of bootstrap values denote clades that were not present in the ML tree). Branches are colored according to a maximum-parsimony reconstruction of host-family use, larval feeding habits are indicated by font colors and by symbols after species names (see legend). Species illustrated in Fig. 2 are indicated to the right of the tree.