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Table 4 First fossil occurrence of Leuciscinae in Europe

From: Phylogenetic relationships and biogeographical patterns in Circum-Mediterranean subfamily Leuciscinae (Teleostei, Cyprinidae) inferred from both mitochondrial and nuclear data

FOSSIL TAXON RECENT RELATIVES LOCALITY AGE (Ma) REFERENCE
Leuciscinae indet. Leuciscinae Kilcak (Eskikilcak), central Anatolia 23.5-24.5 [150]
Palaeoleuciscus dietrichsbergensis Pseudophoxinus, Delminichthys Dietrichsberg, Rhön mountains, Germany 19 [94, 106, 107]
Aspius laubei Aspius aspius North Bohemian Browncoal Basin, Czech Republic 18-19 [108, 109]
Alburnus steindachneri Alburnus chalcoides species group North Bohemian Browncoal Basin, Czech Republic 18-19 [108, 109]
Leuciscus sp. Leuciscus s. str. Sofca, Turkey 11-13 Böhme unpubl., [150]
Scardinius haueri Scardinius ssp. Vösendorf, Austria 10.3 [151]
Leuciscus aff. cephalus Squalius cephalus Lava 2, Greece 6.56 Böhme unpubl., [150]
"Chondrostoma" sp. Achondrostoma, Pseudochondrostoma, Iberochondrostoma, Parachondtrostoma Tolosa, Spain 5.33-5.8 Böhme unpubl., [150]
Scardinius cf. erythrophtalmus Scardinius erythrophthalmus Ptolemais 1A, Greece 5.31 Böhme unpubl., [150]
Aspius sp. Aspius aspius Ptolemais 1B, Greece 5.29 Böhme unpubl., [150]
Chondrostoma sp. Chondrostoma ssp. Ptolemais 2, Greece 5.21 Böhme unpubl., [150]
Rutilus sp. Rutilus ssp. Tchelopetchene, Sofia Basin, Bulgaria 4-5.3 Böhme unpubl., [150]