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Table 2 Phenotypic differences between the two groups of male house sparrows used for the experiment prior to the experiment.

From: Only females in poor condition display a clear preference and prefer males with an average badge

Male trait Averaged Group
(N = 48)
Enlarged group
(N = 48)
F 1,94 p
Original badge size (mm) 30.29 ± 0.30 31.63 ± 0.80 2.474 0.119
Body mass (g) 26.51 ± 0.29 26.29 ± 0.27 1.117 0.293
Wing length (mm) 77.04 ± 0.04 77.48 ± 0.03 0.770 0.382
Tarsus length (mm) 19.81 ± 0.11 19.80 ± 0.15 0.006 0.938
Body condition 34.39 ± 0.83 34.24 ± 0.97 0.025 0.874
  1. ANOVA test and mean ± SE are given.